There are generally 2 types of evil spirits: The Babylonians and Assyrians borrowed had many names for spirits including utukku (‘spirit), Alu (‘demon’), Lilu (a ghost, the feminine versions include Lilitu and Ardat Lili), and Gallu (‘devil’).
They believed that there were many evil spirits and they swarmed everywhere.
Cybele, the Phrygian fertility goddess, had a consort, Attis, who was believed to have been born via a virgin birth.
Belief, taught by Arius in the 4th century, that Christ was created by the Father, and although greater than man he is inferior to the Father.
Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, wrote and campaigned against Arianism.
According to Morris Jastrow’s Religion of Babylonia and Assyria (Download free at Project Gutenberg), these demons lurked in remote or hidden places like graves, mountain tops and in the shadows of ruins.
They would go out at night, enter homes through holes and crevices, and torture their victims.
Beckford attempts to unravel the mystery of why there are so many versions of the Christ story across the world and asks which is the real one.